The Role of Shame in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms. A Systematic Review / The Impact of Inter-Parental Conflict, Parental Mental Health, the Parent-Child Relationship and Features of the Conflict on Child Well-Being

  • Tara Holloway

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

Abstract

(1) Abstract for The Role of Shame in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms. A Systematic Review:

A growing body of research has advanced understanding of the mechanisms underlying PTSD, providing convincing evidence that shame plays an important role in posttraumatic stress symptoms. These advancements have been reflected in the revised DSM-V with the addition of criterion relating to persistent, negative trauma- related emotions. However, research in this area is at an early stage and much remains unknown about the specific mechanisms that link trauma, shame and posttraumatic stress symptoms. To date, no review has been conducted to systemically critique this research. Therefore, to aid theoretical understanding and provide guidance for the development of appropriate therapies, a systematic search of the literature on shame and posttraumatic stress symptoms was conducted. Twelve articles met inclusion criteria and their quality was assessed against predetermined quality indicators. Higher levels of shame were found to be significantly associated with greater posttraumatic stress symptoms. Effect sizes were moderate to high. The review lends support to the argument that shame plays a significant role in creating and/or maintaining the sense of on-going threat associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms and should be considered when designing interventions. Methodological limitations of the studies are discussed and recommendations made for further research in this area.

(2) Abstract for The Impact of Inter-Parental Conflict, Parental Mental Health, the Parent-Child Relationship and Features of the Conflict on Child Well-Being:

This study employed path analysis to explore the relationship between inter- parental conflict and child well-being mediated by parental mental health and the parent-child relationship The moderating roles of type of conflict, child as cause of conflict, and nature of conflict resolution were also examined. The sample consisted of 5337 nine-year old children involved in the Growing up in Ireland study. Analyses indicated that child well-being was largely unrelated to parental mental health, type of conflict, child as cause of conflict and conflict resolution. Inter-parental conflict significantly predicted child well-being for fathers only, mediated by the father-child relationship. For both caregivers, the parent-child relationship, and in particular parent-child conflict, exerted the greatest effect on the model.
Date of AwardMay 2015
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Queen's University Belfast
SupervisorKevin Dyer (Supervisor)

Cite this