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    Carole Parsons graduated from Queen's University Belfast in 2002 with a First Class Honours degree in Pharmacy, and completed her pre-registration training in both hospital and community pharmacy practice. In 2003 she returned to the School to undertake a PhD in Pharmaceutics, in the area of biomaterials and drug delivery. She submitted her thesis in September 2006 and was appointed as a full-time Teaching Fellow inthe School of Pharmacy. She was appointed to a Lectureship in Pharmacy Practice in January 2009.

    Research Statement

    Carole's research interests focus on prescribing and use of medicines in advanced disease as patients approach the end of life.  She has a particular interest in people who are in the advanced stages of dementia. Carole has been involved in work examining the prevalence of pain among community-dwelling patients and nursing home residents with dementia, and has studied the ways in which medications are discussed, decided upon, managed and administered to people with advanced dementia, from the perspectives of healthcare professionals, carers and families. These studies led to a successful application for funding to investigate pain recognition, assessment and management in people with advanced dementia who are nearing the end of life. The outcome of this research will be the development and subsequent pilot of an intervention to improve the way that pain is assessed and managed for people dying with dementia in primary, secondary, hospice and nursing home care settings.

    Carole is also interested in the appropriateness of prescribing for nursing home residents with advanced dementia as they approach the end of life and how prescribers make decisions and communicate with the families of people with advanced dementia regarding medication use. She is undertaking a Cochrane Systematic Review to evaluate the evidence regarding withdrawal or continuation of drug treatments for dementia (cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine).

    Carole has authored more than 60 peer-reviewed publications. She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Northern Ireland Palliative Care Research Forum and the Clinical Management Group of the Northern Ireland Clinical Research Network for Dementia. She serves on the editorial board of the International Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine.


    In the MPharm degree programme, Carole is responsible for teaching Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Introduction to Pharmacy Practice Skills at Level 1, Extemporaneous Formulation and Dispensing at Level 2, Social and Behavioural Aspects of Pharmacy, Responding to Symptoms and Infectious Diseases, their Treatment and Prevention at level 4, with her teaching involving both lecturing and the conducting of practical classes and workshops. She is also the Examinations Liaison Officer for levels 1 and 2 of the MPharm degree programme.

    In the BSc in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree programme, Carole teaches Pharmaceutical Microbiology to level 1 students. She is also the module co-ordinator for the module.

    Willingness to take PhD students


    PhD projects

    Open to PhD applications in the field of medicines use and optimisation in palliative, hospice and end of life care.

    Frequent Journals

    • International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

      ISSNs: 0961-7671

      Additional searchable ISSN (Electronic): 2042-7174

      Pharmaceutical Press

      Scopus rating (2018): CiteScore 1.16 SJR 0.486 SNIP 0.738


    • Palliative Medicine

      ISSNs: 0269-2163

      Additional searchable ISSN (Electronic): 1477-030X

      SAGE Publications Ltd

      Scopus rating (2018): CiteScore 4.03 SJR 2.029 SNIP 2.011


    • Drugs & Aging

      ISSNs: 1170-229X

      Adis International Ltd

      Scopus rating (2018): CiteScore 3.05 SJR 1.128 SNIP 0.998


    • International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

      ISSNs: 0885-6230

      John Wiley and Sons Ltd

      Scopus rating (2018): CiteScore 3 SJR 1.407 SNIP 1.33


    • Pharmacy Education

      ISSNs: 1560-2214

      Additional searchable ISSN (Electronic): 1477-2701

      FID Secretariat

      Scopus rating (2018): CiteScore 0.45 SJR 0.172 SNIP 0.278


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    Contribution to conference papers, events and activities

    ID: 44172