Scopus Citations 5710

    1. 2016
    2. Published
    3. Published

      To breathe or fight? Siamese fighting fish differ when facing a real opponent or mirror image

      Arnott, G., Beattie, E. & Elwood, R. W. Aug 2016 In : Behavioural Processes. 129, p. 11-17 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4. Early online date

      No discrimination shock avoidance with sequential presentation of stimuli but shore crabs still reduce shock exposure

      Magee, B. & Elwood, R. W. 15 Jul 2016 In : Open biology. 5, 7, p. 883-888 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5. Early online date

      Plasticity varies with boldness in a weakly-electric fish

      Kareklas, K., Arnott, G., Elwood, R. W. & Holland, R. A. 06 Jun 2016 In : Frontiers in zoology. 13, 22, 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6. Published

      Stress was never said to be pain: response to Stevens et al. (2016)

      Elwood, R. W. Apr 2016 In : Biology Letters. 12, 4

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7. Published

      Patterns of Behaviour, Group Structure and Reproductive Status Predict Levels of Glucocorticoid Metabolites in Zoo-Housed Ring-Tailed Lemurs, Lemur catta

      Smith, T. E., McCusker, C. M., Stevens, J. M. G. & Elwood, R. W. Mar 2016 In : Folia Primatologica. 86, 6, p. 506-524 19 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8. Published
    9. 2015
    10. Published

      Electric shock causes physiological stress responses in shore crabs, consistent with prediction of pain

      Elwood, R. W. & Adams, L. Nov 2015 In : Biology Letters. 11, 11, 20150800. , 20150800

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11. 2014
    12. Published

      Defining and assessing animal pain

      Sneddon, L. U., Elwood, R. W., Adamo, S. A. & Leach, M. C. Nov 2014 In : Animal Behaviour. 97, p. 201-212 12 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13. Published

      Do mirrors reflect reality in agonistic encounters? A test of mutual cooperation in displays

      Elwood, R. W., Stoilova, V., McDonnell, A., Earley, R. L. & Arnott, G. Nov 2014 In : Animal Behaviour. 97, p. 63-67 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14. Published

      Pain expression is linked to personality in horses

      Ijichi, C., Collins, L. M. & Elwood, R. W. Mar 2014 In : Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 152, p. 38-43 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15. 2013
    16. Published
    17. Published

      Evidence for the role of personality in stereotypy predisposition

      Ijichi, C. L., Collins, L. M. & Elwood, R. W. 01 Jun 2013 In : Animal Behaviour. 85, 6, p. 1145-1151

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18. Published

      Harnessing the power of personality assessment: Subjective assessment predicts behaviour in horses

      Ijichi, C., Collins, L. M., Creighton, E. & Elwood, R. W. 01 Jun 2013 In : Behavioural Processes. 96, p. 47-52

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19. Published
    20. 2012
    21. Published

      Understanding how animals fight with Lloyd Morgan's canon

      Elwood, R. W. & Arnott, G. 01 Nov 2012 In : Animal Behaviour. 84, 5, p. 1095-1102 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22. Published

      Vocal rate as an assessment process during fallow deer contests

      Jennings, D. J., Elwood, R. W., Carlin, C. M., Hayden, T. J. & Gammell, M. P. 01 Oct 2012 In : Behavioural Processes. 91, 2, p. 152-158 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    23. Published

      Hermit crabs perceive the extent of their virtual bodies

      Sonoda, K., Minoura, M., Gunji, Y-P., Asakura, A. & Elwood, R. W. 23 Aug 2012 In : Biology Letters. 8, 4, p. 495-497 3 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24. Published

      Evidence for pain in decapod crustaceans

      Elwood, R. W. 01 Jun 2012 In : Animal Welfare. 21, SUPPL. 2, p. 23-27 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    25. Published
    26. 2011
    27. Published

      Lateralization of lateral displays in convict cichlids

      Arnott, G., Ashton, C. & Elwood, R. 23 Oct 2011 In : Biology Letters. 7, 5, p. 683-685 3 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28. Published

      No evidence of morphine analgesia to noxious shock in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas

      Barr, S. & Elwood, R. Mar 2011 In : Behavioural Processes. 86, 3, p. 340-344 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    29. Published

      How resource quality differentially affects motivation and ability to fight in hermit crabs

      Doake, S. & Elwood, R. W. 22 Feb 2011 In : PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 278, 1705, p. 567-573 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30. Published

      Pain and suffering in invertebrates?

      Elwood, R. W. 01 Jan 2011 In : ILAR JOURNAL. 52, 2, p. 175-184 10 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    31. 2010
    32. Published

      The costs of bearing arms and armour in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

      Doake, S., Scantlebury, M. & Elwood, R. Oct 2010 In : Animal Behaviour. 80, 4, p. 637-642 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33. Published

      Repeated measures analysis of contests and other dyadic interactions: problems of semantics, not statistical validity

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. Sep 2010 In : Animal Behaviour. 80, 3, p. 583-588 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    34. Published

      Startle durations reveal visual assessment abilities during contests between convict cichlids.

      Elwood, R. & Arnott, G. Jul 2010 In : Behavioural Processes. 84(3), 3, p. 750-756 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    35. Published

      Maternal effects on offspring size and packaging constraints in the whelk

      Nasution, S., Roberts, D., Farnsworth, K., Parker, J. & Elwood, R. Jun 2010 In : Journal of Zoology. 281, 2, p. 112-117 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    36. Published

      Do non-native invasive fish support elevated lamprey populations?

      Inger, R., McDonald, R. A., Rogowski, D., Jackson, A. L., Parnell, A., Preston, S. J., Harrod, C., Goodwin, C., Griffiths, D., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R. W., Newton, J. & Bearhop, S. Feb 2010 In : Journal of Applied Ecology. 47, 1, p. 121-129 9 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    37. Published

      Signal residuals and hermit crab displays: flaunt it if you have it!

      Arnott, G. & Elwood, R. Jan 2010 In : Animal Behaviour. 79, 1, p. 137-143 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    38. 2009
    39. Published

      Probing aggressive motivation in a cichlid fish

      Arnott, G. & Elwood, R. 23 Dec 2009 In : Biology Letters. 5, 6, p. 762-764 3 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    40. Published

      Gender differences, responsiveness and memory of a potentially painful event in hermit crabs

      Appel, M. & Elwood, R. Dec 2009 In : Animal Behaviour. 78, 6, p. 1373-1379 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    41. Published

      Burrow architecture and digging activity in the Cape dune mole rat

      Thomas, H. G., Bateman, P. W., Le Comber, S. C., Bennett, N. C., Elwood, R. & Scantlebury, M. Nov 2009 In : Journal of Zoology. 279, 3, p. 277-284 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    42. Published

      Gender differences in aggressive behaviour in convict cichlids

      Arnott, G. & Elwood, R. Nov 2009 In : Animal Behaviour. 78, 5, p. 1221-1227 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    43. Published

      Pain and stress in crustaceans?

      Elwood, R., Barr, S. & Patterson, L. Sep 2009 p. 128-136 9 p.

      Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    44. Published

      Relocation, reproduction and remaining alive in the orb-web spider

      Wherry, T. & Elwood, R. Sep 2009 In : Journal of Zoology. 279, 1, p. 57-63 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    45. Published

      Foraging ecology, fluctuating food availability and energetics of wintering brent geese

      Tinkler, E., Montgomery, I. & Elwood, R. Aug 2009 In : Journal of Zoology. 278, 4, p. 313-323 11 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    46. Published

      Motivational trade-offs and potential pain experience in hermit crabs

      Appel, M. & Elwood, R. Jun 2009 In : Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 119, 1-2, p. 120-124 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    47. Published

      Assessment of fighting ability in animal contests

      Arnott, G. & Elwood, R. May 2009 In : Animal Behaviour. 77, 5, p. 991-1004 14 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    48. Published

      Pain experience in hermit crabs?

      Elwood, R. W. & Appel, M. May 2009 In : Animal Behaviour. 77, 5, p. 1243-1246 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    49. Published

      Difficulties remain in distinguishing between mutual and self-assessment in animal contests

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. Mar 2009 In : Animal Behaviour. 77, 3, p. 759-762 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    50. Published

      Claw removal and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus: Implications for fishery practice

      Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. 31 Jan 2009 In : Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 116, 2-4, p. 302-305 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    51. Published
    52. Published

      Motivational trade-offs and the potential for pain experience in hermit crabs.

      Elwood, R. 2009 In : Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 119, p. 120-124 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    53. 2008
    54. Published
    55. Published

      Embryo retrieval and kin recognition in an amphipod (Crustacea)

      Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Sep 2008 In : Animal Behaviour. 76, 3, p. 717-722 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    56. Published

      Information gathering and decision making about resource value in animal contests

      Arnott, G. & Elwood, R. Sep 2008 In : Animal Behaviour. 76, 3, p. 529-542 14 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    57. Published

      Large body size for winning and large swords for winning quickly in swordtail males, Xiphophorus helleri

      Prenter, J., Taylor, P. W. & Elwood, R. Jun 2008 In : Animal Behaviour. 75, 6, p. 1981-1987 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    58. Published

      Motivation matters: cheliped extension displays in the hermit crab, Pagurus bernhardus, are honest signals of hunger

      Laidre, M. E. & Elwood, R. Jun 2008 In : Animal Behaviour. 75, 6, p. 2041-2047 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    59. Published

      Nociception or pain in a decapod crustacean?

      Barr, S., Laming, P., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Mar 2008 In : Animal Behaviour. 75, 3, p. 745-751 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    60. 2007
    61. Published
    62. Published

      Parent-off spring associations in wintering brent geese: parental investment or mutual assistance?

      Tinkler, E., Montgomery, I. & Elwood, R. Aug 2007 In : Journal of Zoology. 272(4), 4, p. 398-405 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    63. Published

      Physiological stress responses in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, to the fishery practice of de-clawing

      Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Aug 2007 In : Marine Biology. 152, 2, p. 265-272 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    64. Published

      Monoamines and decision making during contests in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. Apr 2007 In : Animal Behaviour. 73(4), 4, p. 605-612 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    65. Published

      Shared or unshared parental care in overwintering brent geese (Branta bernicla hrota)

      Tinkler, E., Montgomery, I. & Elwood, R. Apr 2007 In : Ethology. 113, 4, p. 368-376 9 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    66. 2006
    67. Published

      Parent-offspring conflict and motivational control of brooding in an amphipod (Crustacea)

      Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. 22 Dec 2006 In : Biology Letters. 2, 4, p. 501-504 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    68. Published

      Honest and dishonest displays, motivational state and subsequent decisions in hermit crab shell fights

      Elwood, R., Pothanikat, R. M. & Briffa, M. Oct 2006 In : Animal Behaviour. 72(4), 4, p. 853-859 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    69. Published

      Self-assessment by males during energetically costly contests over precopula females in amphipods

      Prenter, J., Elwood, R. & Taylor, P. W. Oct 2006 In : Animal Behaviour. 72, 4, p. 861-868 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    70. Published
    71. Published
    72. Published

      Sexual cannibalism and mate choice

      Prenter, J., MacNeil, C. & Elwood, R. Mar 2006 In : Animal Behaviour. 71(3), 3, p. 481-490 10 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    73. Published

      A freshwater-feeding Lampetra fluviatilis L. Population in Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland

      Goodwin, C. E., Griffiths, D., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Feb 2006 In : Journal of Fish Biology. 68, 2, p. 628-633 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    74. 2005
    75. Published

      Ecological impacts of the microsporidian parasite Pleistophora mulleri on its freshwater amphipod host Gammarus duebeni celticus

      Fielding, N. J., MacNeil, C., Robinson, N., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R., Terry, R. S., Ruiz, Z. & Dunn, A. M. Sep 2005 In : Parasitology. 131, 3, p. 331-336 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    76. Published

      Rapid change in energy status in fighting animals: causes and effects of strategic decisions

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. Jul 2005 In : Animal Behaviour. 70(1), 1, p. 119-124 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    77. Published

      Sexual dimorphism in amphipods: the role of male posterior gnathopods revealed in Gammarus pulex

      Hume, K. D., Elwood, R. W., Dick, J. T. A. & Morrison, J. Jul 2005 In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 58, 3, p. 264-269 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    78. Published

      Survival of juvenile European eels (Anguilla anguilla) transferred among salinities, and developmental shifts in their salinity preference

      Crean, S. R., Dick, J. T. A., Evans, D., Rosell, R. S. & Elwood, R. May 2005 In : Journal of Zoology. 266, 1, p. 11-14 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    79. 2004
    80. Published
    81. Published
    82. Published

      Use of energy reserves in fighting hermit crabs.

      Elwood, R. & Briffa, M. 22 Feb 2004 In : Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences (1934-1990). 271 (1537), 1537, p. 373-379 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    83. Published

      Priority versus brute force: when should males begin guarding resources?

      Elwood, R., Hardling, K. & Kokko, H. Feb 2004 In : The American Naturalist. 163(2), 2, p. 240-252 13 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    84. Published

      Comparison of the behavioural and physiological disposition across the Callitrichid family in captive versus free-ranging environments

      McCallister, J. M., Smith, T. E. & Elwood, R. 2004 In : Folia Primatologica. 75, p. 300-300 1 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    85. Published

      Dominance status and faecal and urinary cortisol in captive ring-tailed lemurs, lemur catta

      McCusker, C., Elwood, R. & Smith, T. E. 2004 In : Folia Primatologica. 75, p. 301-301 1 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    86. 2003
    87. Published

      Mate guarding, competition and variation in size in male orb-web spiders, Metellina segmentata: a field experiment.

      Montgomery, I., Elwood, R. & Prenter, J. Dec 2003 In : Animal Behaviour. 66(6), 6, p. 1053-1058 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    88. Published

      Effects of the acanthocephalan parasite Echinorhynchus truttae on the feeding ecology of Gammarus pulex (Crustacea : Amphipoda)

      Fielding, N. J., MacNeill, C., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R., Riddell, G. & Dunn, A. M. Nov 2003 In : Journal of Zoology. 261(3), 3, p. 321-325 5 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    89. Published

      Mis-measure of animal contests.

      Elwood, R. & Taylor, P. 01 Jun 2003 In : Animal Behaviour. 65 (6), 6, p. 1195-1202 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    90. Published

      Anal redness in European eels as an indicator of infection by the swimbladder nematode, Anguillicola crassus

      Crean, S. R., Dick, J. T. A., Evans, D., Elwood, R. & Rosell, R. Feb 2003 In : Journal of Fish Biology. 62, 2, p. 482-485 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    91. Published

      Analysis of multiple aspects of a repeated signal: power and rate of rapping during shell fights in hermit crabs

      Briffa, M., Elwood, R. & Russ, J. Jan 2003 In : Behavioral Ecology. 14, 1, p. 74-79 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    92. Published

      Parasite altered micro-distribution of Gammarus pulex (Crustacea: Amphipoda).

      Elwood, R. Jan 2003 In : International Journal for Parasitology. 33(1), 1, p. 57-64 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    93. 2002
    94. Published
    95. Published

      Size-assortative pairing in Gammarus pulex (Crustacea : Amphipoda): a test of the timing hypothesis

      Hume, K. D., Elwood, R., Dick, J. T. A. & Connaghan, K. M. Aug 2002 In : Animal Behaviour. 64(2), 2, p. 239-244 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    96. Published

      The validity of the Gammarus:Asellus ratio as an index of organic pollution: abiotic and biotic influences.

      Montgomery, I., Bigsby, E., Dick, J. T. A., MacNeil, C., Elwood, R., Gibbins, C. N. & Kelly, D. W. Jan 2002 In : Water Research. 36, 1, p. 75-84 10 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    97. Published

      Maternal care in the rockpool amphipod Apherusa jurinei: developmental and environmental cues

      Dick, J. T. A., Bailey, R. J. E. & Elwood, R. 2002 In : Animal Behaviour. 63, 4, p. 707-713 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    98. 2001
    99. Published

      Decision rules, energy metabolism and vigour of hermit-crab fights

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. 07 Sep 2001 In : PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 268, 1478, p. 1841-1848 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    100. Published

      Motivational change during shell fights in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. Sep 2001 In : Animal Behaviour. 62(3), 3, p. 505-510 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    101. Published
    102. Published
    103. Published

      Information gathering and communication during agonistic encounters: A case study of hermit crabs

      Elwood, R. & Briffa, M. 2001 In : Advances in the Study of Behavior. 30, p. 53-97 45 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    104. Published

      Persistence times of four amphipod species in the stomachs of brown trout

      MacNeil, C., Elwood, R. & Dick, J. T. A. 2001 In : Journal of Fish Biology. 59, 5, p. 1401-1404 4 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    105. 2000
    106. Published
    107. Published

      Differential physico-chemical tolerances of amphipod species revealed by field transplantations

      MacNeil, C., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Jul 2000 In : Oecologia. 124, 1, p. 1-7 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    108. Published
    109. Published

      Analysis of the finescale timing of repeated signals: does shell rapping in hermit crabs signal stamina?

      Elwood, R. Jan 2000 In : Animal Behaviour. 59(1), 1, p. 159-165 7 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    110. Published

      Factors influencing the importance of Gammarus spp. (Crustacea : Amphipoda) in riverine salmonid diets

      MacNeil, C., Elwood, R. & Dick, J. T. A. 2000 In : Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 149, 1, p. 87-107 21 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    111. Published

      The power of shell rapping influences rates of eviction in hermit crabs

      Briffa, M. & Elwood, R. 2000 In : Behavioral Ecology. 11, 3, p. 288-293 6 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    112. 1999
    113. Published
    114. Published
    115. Published

      Sexual size dimorphism and reproductive investment by female spiders: A comparative analysis

      Prenter, J., Elwood, R. & Montgomery, I. Dec 1999 In : Evolution. 53, 6, p. 1987-1994 8 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    116. Published
    117. Published

      The dynamics of predation on Gammarus spp. (Crustacea: Amphipoda).

      MacNeil, C., Dick, J. T. A. & Elwood, R. Nov 1999 In : Biological Reviews. 74, 4, p. 375-395 21 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    118. Published

      Differential microdistributions and interspecific interactions in coexisting Gammarus and Crangonyx amphipods.

      MacNeil, C., Elwood, R. & Dick, J. T. A. Aug 1999 In : Ecography. 22, 4, p. 415-423 9 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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