Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: A qualitative exploration

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    Abstract
    Aim
    To explore breast health awareness and the early diagnosis and detection methods of breast cancer from the perspective of women and primary healthcare providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    Background
    There is a high incidence of advanced breast cancer in young women in developing countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but no standardised information regarding breast self-examination, nor a national screening programme.
    Design
    Qualitative exploratory study
    Methods
    This qualitative study was conducted in eight states across the Jizan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Purposive sampling was used to recruit Saudi women n= (24), general practitioners n= (20) and nurses n= (20). Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2015-February 2016. Inductive thematic analysis was undertaken.
    Results
    The cultural views towards health, breast cancer and its screening were embedded in women’s concept of health behaviour. Religious infrastructure informed how Saudis as Muslims should live, react to breast cancer and death, and view their breast health. Health service provision was aimed at reactively treating breast cancer symptoms rather than proactively offering preventative breast cancer strategies.
    Conclusion
    This study provides new evidence on the complexity of poor breast health awareness and lack of resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Additional resources are needed to remove such barriers and provide targeted health education and services in developing countries where breast health services are poorly developed. The findings would be applicable to immigrant societies internationally where such topics remain taboo, and breast cancer screening is underutilized.

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    • Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: A qualitative exploration

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      Accepted author manuscript, 300 KB, PDF-document

      Embargo ends: 01/01/2020

    DOI

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
    Journal publication date20 Mar 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted - 20 Mar 2019

    ID: 165563480