Escaping Europe: Health and Human Capital of Holocaust Refugees

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    • Matthias Blum
    • Claudia Rei

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    The large-scale persecution of European Jews during the Second World War generated massive refugee movements. We study the last wave of Holocaust refugees with a newly compiled dataset of mostly Jewish passengers from several European countries traveling from Lisbon to New York between 1940 and 1942. We find that both refugee and non-refugee passengers were positively selected, but non-refugees were even more so, suggesting it was predominantly the European elite who escaped the Holocaust during this period. In spite of the unique circumstances of this historical setting, this episode of migration displays well-known selection features: both refugees and non-refugees are positively selected, and earlier passengers are more positively selected than later passengers, and economic barriers to migration apply.


    • Escaping Europe: Health and Human Capital of Holocaust Refugees

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      Embargo ends: 26/10/2019


    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages27
    Pages (from-to)1-27
    JournalEuropean Review of Economic History
    Journal publication date01 Feb 2018
    Issue number1
    Early online date26 Oct 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2018

    ID: 133845489