Geostatistical models and spatial interpolation
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter
Characterizing the spatial structure of variables in the regional sciences is important for several reasons. Firstly, the spatial structure may itself be of interest. The structure of a population variable tells us something about how the population is configured spatially. For example, is the population clustered by some properties, but not others? Secondly, mapping variables from sparse sample observations or transferring values between areal units requires knowledge of how the property of interest varies spatially. Thirdly, we require knowledge of spatial variation in order to design sampling strategies which make the most of the effort, time, and money expended in sampling. Geostatistics comprises a set of principles and tools which can be applied to characterize or model spatial variation and use that model to optimize the mapping, simulation, and sampling of spatial properties. This chapter provides an introduction to some key ideas in geostatistics, with a particular focus on the kinds of applications which may be of interest for regional scientists.