Magnetisation of 2.6T in Gadolinium Thin Films

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    There is renewed interest in rare-earth elements and gadolinium in particular for a range of studies in coupling physics and applications. However, it is still apparent that synthesis impacts understanding of the intrinsic magnetic properties of thin gadolinium films, particularly for thicknesses of topicality. We report studies on 50nm thick nanogranular polycrystalline gadolinium thin films on SiO2 wafers that demonstrate single-crystal like behavior. The maximum in-plane saturation magnetization at 4K was found to be 4pMS4K = (2.61±0.26)T with a coercivity of HC4K = (160±5)Oe. A maximum Curie point of TC = (293±2)K was measured via zero-field-cooled - field-cooled magnetization measurements in close agreement with values reported in bulk single crystals. Our measurements revealed magnetic transitions at T1 = (12±2)K (as deposited samples) and T2 = (22±2)K (depositions on heated substrates) possibly arising from the interaction of paramagnetic fcc grains with their ferromagnetic hcp counterparts.


    Original languageEnglish
    Article number142407
    Number of pages4
    JournalApplied Physics Letters
    Journal publication date01 Oct 2012
    Issue number14
    Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2012

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