Private Contracting, Law and Finance

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    In the late nineteenth century Britain had almost no mandatory shareholder protections, but had very developed financial markets. We argue that private contracting between shareholders and corporations meant that the absence of statutory protections was immaterial. Using circa 500 articles of association from before 1900, we code the protections offered to shareholders in these private contracts. We find that firms voluntarily offered shareholders many of the protections which were subsequently included in statutory corporate law. We
    also find that companies offering better protection to shareholders had less concentrated ownership.


    • Private Contracting, Law and Finance

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      Accepted author manuscript, 407 KB, PDF-document

      Embargo ends: 14/02/2021


    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages40
    JournalReview of Financial Studies
    Journal publication date14 Feb 2019
    Early online date14 Feb 2019
    Publication statusEarly online date - 14 Feb 2019

    ID: 159684355