The Origins of the (Cooperative) Species: Raiffeisen Banking in the Netherlands, 1898–1909

    Research output: Working paper


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    Cooperatively-owned Raiffeisen banks first emerged in the Netherlands in the late 1890s and spread rapidly across the country. Using a new dataset, we investigate the determinants of their market entry and early performance. We find that the cooperative organisational form, when allied to a change in the structure of Dutch agriculture and the socioreligious pillarisation of Dutch society, was an important factor explaining their entry into rural financial markets. While religious organisations provided a necessary impetus for the emergence of Raiffeisen banks, the economic advantages associated with the cooperative organisational form ensured the subsequent survival and success of these banks.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherQueen's University Belfast
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

    Publication series

    NameQUCEH Working Paper Series
    PublisherQueen's University Belfast

    ID: 161297978