Work Ethic, Social Ethic, no Ethic: Measuring the Economic Values of Modern Christians

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    View graph of relations

    Benito Arruñada finds evidence of a distinct Protestant social ethic in the ISSP’s 1998 Religion II Survey (Economic Journal 2010; 120: 890-918). We replicate Arruñada’s results using his broad definition of Protestantism and our new narrow definition, which includes only those ascetic denominations that Max Weber singled out for possessing a strong capitalist work ethic. We then extend this analysis to the ISSP’s 2008 Religion III Survey, the most recent comparable international questionnaire on religious attitudes and religious change. We find no evidence of a Calvinist work ethic, and suggest that Arruñada’s Protestant social ethic continues into the twenty-first century.


    • Work ethic, social ethic, no ethic: measuring the economic values of modern Christians

      Rights statement: Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Colvin, C. L., and McCracken, M. (2016) Work Ethic, Social Ethic, no Ethic: Measuring the Economic Values of Modern Christians. J. Appl. Econ, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

      Accepted author manuscript, 245 KB, PDF-document


    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1043-1053
    JournalJournal of Applied Econometrics
    Journal publication date02 Aug 2017
    Issue number5
    Early online date30 Aug 2016
    Publication statusPublished - 02 Aug 2017

    ID: 66072314